De 10 grootste overvallen en bankroven van de wereld (met filmpje)
En als je het al doet, moet je het wel goed doen. En dit zijn ze dan: de allerbeste overvallen uit de geschiedenis. Een goed plan, en gaan!
Maar bij navraag blijkt dat niemand lang van de weelde heeft kunnen genieten. Iedereen, op een enkeling na, wordt gepakt en belandt in de gevangenis. Die vier muren met die ijzeren deur lijken ons geen pretje. Misschien dan toch maar een gewoon baantje en beroepje zoals in de deze post.
De 10 grootste overvallen en bankroven van de wereld
Een aantal van de verhalen over deze overvallen en bankroven zijn heel erg goed. Wikipedia in het Nederlands helpt ons nauwelijks aan informatie. Wikipedia in het Engels wel. Vandaar dat de wat uitgebreidere versie er in het Engels onder staat. Ooit, want het is een gat in de markt, zullen wij de verhalen in Nederlands gaan vertalen. Want iedere overval en bankroof is al een apart verhaal waardig. Nou hier een Top Tien:
1. De overval op de Centrale Bank van Irak
Opbrengst: 920 miljoen dollar
Wanneer: 18 maart 2003
Hoe: Sadam Hoesseins eigen zoontje Qussay haalt de bank leeg!
2. De overval op het Gardner Museum
Opbrengst: maximaal 500 miljoen dollar
Wanneer: 18 maart 1990
Hoe: Overval op een museum in Boston en ze nemen wat kunstwerkjes mee
3. De Antwerpse diamanten diefstal
Opbrengst: 100 miljoen dollar
Wanneer: 15 en 16 februari 2003
Hoe: Het alarm uitzetten bij de juwelenopslag in Antwerpen.
4. The Banco Central Burglary
Opbrengst: 160 miljoen Braziliaanse dollars
Wanneer: 6 augustus 2005
Hoe: Tunneltje graven naar de Centrale Bank in Brazilië.
5. The Knightsbridge Security Deposit Robbery
Opbrengst: 60 miljoen pond
Wanneer: 12 juli 1987
Hoe: Gewapende overval op de bank in Knightsbridge in Engeland.
6. De Harry Winston overval
Opbrengst: 80 miljoen pond
Wanneer: 4 december 2008
Hoe: Gewapende overval op de Parijse vestiging van de juweliersketen “Harry Winston”
7. “The Baker Street Burglary”
Opbrengst: 4,5 miljoen pond
Wanneer: 11 september 1971
Hoe: via een zelf gegraven tunnel halen in Londen de daders de inhoud kluisjes van een Lloyds Bank op.
8. The Great Brinks Robbery
Opbrengst: 2,7 miljoen dollar
Wanneer: 17 januari 1950
Hoe: Gewapende overval op Brinks, van die geldauto’s, in Boson.
9. The Great Train Robbery
Opbrengst: 2,6 miljoen pond
Wanneer: 8 augustus 1963
Hoe: Overval op geldtrein in Ledburn, Engeland.
10. The Agricultural Bank of China Robbery
Opbrengst: 6,7 miljoen dollar
Wanneer: 16 maart 2007
grootste overvallen en bankroven van de wereld: filmpje
In het Engels…
1. The Antwerp Diamond Heist
The Antwerp Diamond Heist, dubbed the “heist of the century”, was a theft of loose diamonds, gold, and other jewelry valued at more than $100 million. The heist took place during the weekend of February 15â€“16, 2003, in the Antwerp Diamond Centre, located in the centre of the gem district in Antwerp, Belgium. It was the largest diamond heist in history.
The vault that housed the diamonds is situated two floors below the Diamond Centre. It was protected by multiple security mechanisms, including a lock with 100 million possible combinations, infrared heat detectors, a seismic sensor, Doppler radar, and a magnetic field. The diamond centre itself had a private security force.
3. The Banco Central Burglary
The Banco Central burglary at Fortaleza was the theft of about R$ 160 million from the vault of the Banco Central branch located in Fortaleza, in the state of CearÃ¡, Brazil. It is one of the world’s largest heists. In the aftermath of the robbery, of the 25 persons thought to be involved, just eight had been arrested, and R$7.35 million recovered, up to the end of 2005. In addition, several of the gang are thought to have been victims of kidnapping, and one, Luis Fernando Ribeiro, thought to have been the mastermind of the operation, was killed by kidnappers after a ransom was paid. Arrests and recovery of the money, as well as kidnapping and murder of the perpetrators, have been ongoing, though most are still unaccounted for.
On the weekend of August 6, 2005, a gang of burglars tunneled into the bank and removed five containers of 50-real notes, with an estimated value of R$ 164,755,150 (about 94.3 million USD as of December, 2009) and weighing about 3.5 tons. The money was uninsured, a bank spokesperson stating that the risks were too small to justify the insurance premiums. The burglars managed to evade or disable the bank’s internal alarms and sensors, and the burglary remained undiscovered until the bank opened for business the following Monday.
Banco Central is the Brazilian central bank, charged with control of the money supply. The money in the vault was to be examined to decide whether it should be recirculated or destroyed. The bills were not numbered sequentially, making them almost impossible to trace.
3. The Knightsbridge Security Deposit Robbery
The Knightsbridge Security Deposit robbery took place on 12 July 1987 in Knightsbridge, England, part of the City of Westminster in London. This robbery, the Banco Central burglary at Fortaleza, and the $900 million stolen from the Central Bank of Iraq in 2003 are said to be the largest bank robberies in history.
The robbery was led by Valerio Viccei (1955 – 2000), a lawyer’s son who arrived in London in 1986 from his native Italy, where he was wanted for 50 armed robberies. Once in London, he quickly resumed his robbery career to fund his playboy lifestyle.
On the day of the robbery, two men entered the Knightsbridge Safe Deposit Centre and requested to rent a Safe deposit box. After being shown into the vault, they produced hand guns and subdued the manager and security guards.
The thieves then hung a sign on the street-level door explaining that the Safe Deposit Centre was temporarily closed, whilst letting in further accomplices. They broke open many of the safe deposit boxes and left with a hoard estimated to be worth Â£60 million (equivalent to roughly US$98 million at the 1987 exchange rate; the inflation-adjusted value would be Â£105 million ($174 million) as of 2006). (However, the true value of the haul was only estimated, as those renting the boxes may have, for various reasons, not accurately reported the contents.)
4. The Harry Winston Heist
On 4 December 2008 the Harry Winston boutique at No 29 was robbed of more than €80 million (about US$100 million) worth of “diamond rings, necklaces and luxury watches” by a “gang of three or four” armed men just before closing. At least two of the thieves were men wearing “wigs and women’s clothes.” It had also been robbed in October 2007, when a similar heist netted the robbers about €20 million
5. The Baker Street Burglary
The Baker Street robbery was a robbery of the safe deposit boxes at a branch of Lloyds Bank on the corner of Baker Street and Marylebone Road, London, on the night of 11 September 1971. The robbers had rented a leather goods shop named Le Sac, two doors down from the bank, and tunnelled a distance of approximately 50 feet (15 m) passing under the intervening Chicken Inn restaurant. To avoid being overheard they only dug during weekends. They used a thermal lance to try to break into the vault but ultimately had to use explosives.
Robert Rowlands, a radio ham operator, overheard conversations between the robbers and their rooftop lookout at about 11 pm. He contacted police and tape recorded the conversations while the robbery was in progress, but there was insufficient information to identify which bank was being robbed. At 2 am a senior police officer alerted radio detector vans to track down the gang. Police checked the 750 banks within 10 miles of Mr Rowlands’ receiver, including the Baker Street bank. At the time, the thieves were still in the bank, but the police failed to realise the fact because the security door was still locked. The thieves got away with £1.5m cash (2015: £6.5m) and valuables from safety deposit boxes. The total haul was believed to be near £3m (2015: £33.1m)
6. The Central Bank Of Iraq Heist
In March 2003, on several occasions beginning on March 18, the day before the United States began bombing Baghdad, nearly US$1 billion was stolen from the Central Bank of Iraq. This is considered the largest bank heist in history.
In March 2003, a hand-written note surfaced, signed by Saddam Hussein, ordering $920 million to be withdrawn and given to his son Qusay. Bank officials state that Qusay and another unidentified man oversaw the cash, boxes of $100 bills, being loaded into trucks during a five hour operation. Qussay was later killed by the U.S. military in a battle.
7. The Gardner Museum Art Heist
In the early morning hours of March 18, 1990 as the city was preoccupied with Saint Patrick’s Day celebrations a pair of thieves disguised as Boston police officers entered the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum and roamed the museum’s galleries, stealing thirteen works of art.
They gained entry into the museum by stating that they were responding to an emergency call. The guard on duty broke protocol and allowed them entry through the museum’s security door. Once inside, the thieves asked that the guard come around from behind the desk, claiming that they recognized him and that there was a warrant out for his arrest. The guard walked away from the desk and away from the only alarm button. The guard was told to summon the other guard on duty to the security desk, which he did. The thieves then handcuffed both guards and duct taped their hands, feet and heads and took them into the basement where they were secured to pipes. The two guards were placed 40 yards away from each other in the basement. The next morning, the security guard arriving to relieve the two night guards discovered that the museum had been robbed and notified the police and Director Anne Hawley.
The stolen artworks have not yet been returned to the museum. However, the investigation remains an open, active case and a top priority of the museum and of the FBI in Boston. Some media estimates have put the value of the stolen artworks at as much as $500 million, making the theft the largest single property theft in recorded history. An offer of a reward from the Gardner Museum of up to $5 million for information leading to the recovery of the stolen artwork remains open.
8. The Great Brinks Robbery
The Great Brinks Robbery was an armed robbery of the Brinks Building at the corner of Prince St. and Commercial St. in the North End of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, on January 17, 1950. Today the building is a parking garage located at 600 Commercial Street.
The robbery resulted in the theft of $1,218,211.29 in cash, and $1,557,183.83 in checks, money orders, and other securities. At the time, it was the largest robbery in the history of the United States. Skillfully executed with only a bare minimum of clues left at the crime scene, the robbery was billed as “”the crime of the century””. The robbery was the work of an eleven-member gang, all of whom were later arrested.
9. The Agricultural Bank of China Robbery
The Agricultural Bank of China robbery was the embezzlement of nearly 51 million yuan (c.US$6.7 million) from the Handan branch of the Agricultural Bank of China (ABC) in Hebei province between March 16 and April 14, 2007. Perpetrated by two vault managers employed at the branch, it is the largest bank robbery in China’s history.
The idea for the heist had begun when one of the managers, Ren Xiaofeng, stole 200,000 yuan (c.US$26,000) in October 2006 with the complicity of two security guards, Zhao Xuenan and Zhang Qiang. Ren then purchased tickets for the Chinese lottery, with the intention of winning a sufficiently large prize that he could return the missing funds before their absence was noted, and still have money left over for himself. Despite the unfavourable odds Ren was successful, and he was able to return the 200,000 to the vault.
10. The Great Train Robbery
De grote treinroof, in het Engels: The Great Train Robbery, is de naam die gegeven is aan een overval op 8 augustus 1963 op de posttrein tussen Londen en Glasgow in Groot-Brittannië. Deze roof werd gepleegd door een goed georganiseerde bende van vijftien mannen. Bij deze grootste treinroof uit de geschiedenis maakten de rovers 2,6 miljoen Britse ponden buit. De mannen gingen nauwgezet en vrijwel zonder geweld te werk, alleen de machinist van de trein raakte gewond.
In totaal waren er 15 daders, maar twee werden nooit geïdentificeerd. De daders waren: Bruce Reynolds (de leider van de groep), Stan Agate (die de trein bestuurde nadat de machinist overmeesterd was), Ronnie Biggs, Charlie Wilson, Jimmy Hussey, Roy James, Jimmy White, Tommy Wisbey, Gordon Goody, Ronald “Buster” Edwards, Roger Cordrey en William Boal.